I came across a link to the Tomato Fest website a few months back. I’ve spent quite a bit of time perusing their collection and trying to find tomato varieties that will work well in our area. I’m specifically trying to find varieties that have been bred to deal with the hot humid summers we have, and the blight that comes with those conditions. Last year we had to do a fair amount of pruning to protect our tomatoes from blight, and I’m hoping I can find a few varieties that won’t require so much babying. I’ll make sure to post my trials to the blog this summer
For several years I’ve been using Earthboxes to grow annual vegetables (beans, cucumbers, tomatoes, squash, etc.). I’ve had fantastic results and I wanted to bring this amazing growing method to two of my raised beds. The concept behind sub-irrigated beds is pretty simple. Water is added to a reservoir in the bottom of a container through a fill tube and a peat-based planting medium is used to wick water up to the plants. An overflow tube is also installed to funnel excess water out of the bed.
Applying this to a raised bed is super easy and I’ll show you what I did to make mine. Here are the steps I wrote down before starting this project:
1. Remove the existing planting medium from the bed
2. Grade the soil inside the bed to create a level base
3. Add a layer of weed fabric to buffer the liner
4. Install a non-toxic barrier (I used a pond liner) to keep water in and create the reservoir
5. Cover your drainage pipe w/ a drainage sock to keep roots out
6. Add perforated drain pipe to create a reservoir
7. Install an overflow tube to let excess water out
8. Add a fill tube to get water into the reservoir
9. Fill the box w/ a peat-based planting medium (we used ProMix BX)
The beds I chose to convert were filled with garden soil so I had to remove and relocate the existing soil:
Once the soil was removed I create a level base inside the box and removed every stone I could see. To create a cushioned buffer between the liner and ground I laid down a thick layer of weed fabric. Next I covered the inside with a heavy duty non-toxic pond liner and stapled it to the top of my beds to keep it in place. It took some wiggling and shouting to get it installed perfectly but eventually I had a nice snug fit.
To create my reservoir I cut 6″ perforated drain pipe to size, wrapped it with a drainage sock and placed them where I wanted them. Here is the bed with the pond liner and drainage pipe installed:
To allow excess water to drain I had to drill a hole on one end of the bed and install a short piece of PVC. The PVC was pushed into the drain pipe and run several inches outside the bed. To allow air to circulate I left a small gap between the top of the drainage pipe and the PVC overflow:
Here’s a picture of the tubing poking out the side:
Next I installed a PVC fill tube to get water into the reservoir:
At this point I was ecstatic! I just needed to add a peat-based planting medium, fertilizer and water. To give my beds a healthy start I picked up 5 compressed bails of ProMIX BX and spent half a day opening bags and breaking apart the compressed soil:
I soaked the top of the soil with water to loosen it up and added a batch of lettuce transplants. The lettuce grew like mad and the sauce tomatoes we grew this summer ended up producing 60 pints of sauce! We also got hundreds and hundreds of peppers from the other bed we converted.
The beds were VERY self sufficient. I filled the beds with water once a week during the hottest days of summer, pruned, added fertilizer as needed and picked a boat load of vegetables. Here is a picture of the bed once we trimmed off the excess liner and filled it with mix:
I’m extremely happy with results and the ease of growing in our new sub-irrigated beds. I’ll make sure to post pictures this summer once our next batch of vegetables go in.
** UPDATE **
Put up a couple of posts about growing vegetables in sub-irrigated beds:
Being outdoors is an incredible experience and I love to take in nature. I love watching bees collect nectar and pollen, birds searching for worms and trees blowing gently in the wind. One of my favorite places to watch this phenomenon is our small home orchard. To make this experience even more amazing I treated myself to a Lakeland Mills log swing this past spring. It went together like clockwork and after a couple coats of stain I’m LOVING it:
Now after a long day of work in the garden I can pour a nice glass of lemonade and relax in my comfy swing. The only thing missing is a set of outdoor pillows. Hopefully we can find some this year on one of the big store close out racks.
In my quest to build a homestead on a budget I’m always looking to re-purpose stuff. Several months ago on our way home from dinner we saw the remains of a tree our neighbors had cut down. The tree was hollowed out at the base and I thought it would make an awesome flower pot. So we tossed the stump into our trunk and took it home.
The next day after inspecting it I noticed that the insides were filled with some nasty gik. So I filled it with wood and dry leaves and set it on fire. The inside of the stump burned for a couple of hours which hopefully killed whatever disease was resident. The stump was then rolled into the orchard and filled with soil. Here’s what it looks like now:
We added a few ice plants to the front and attempted to grow butterfly weed in the back. The butterfly weed never took but the ice plants thrived in the pot. This spring we will keep an eye out for some drought tolerant perennials on the discount rack to finish it off.
2016 was an incredibly productive year for our homestead. I got a ton done but there is definitely more to do! Here is what I want to get knocked out in 2017:
Plant more fruit trees:
– 1x Winblo Peach tree
– 1x Challenger Peach tree
– 1x China Pearl Peach Tree
– 1x Korean Giant Oriental Pear tree
– 1x Au Rubrum Plum tree
– 1x Emerald Beaut Plum tree
– 1x Williams Pride Apple tree
– 1x Rubinette Apple tree
– 1x Sunflower Paw Paw tree
– 1x Shenandoah Paw Paw tree
– 1x Chicago Fig tree
– 2x Goumi Berry bushes
– 1x Anna Kiwi
Hands on projects:
– Build a large strawberry bed
– Create 1/2″ drip irrigation meshes for my hugul beds
– Connect underground PVC lines to 1/2″ drip meshes
– Install permanent treated 2×2 trellises for tomatoes and peppers
I’m sure I’m missing things but this is a decent start. Having a list to work off of is always handy and ensures that nothing gets lost.